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kefalonia greece history

kefalonia greece history

According to the locals, this king founded the four main cities of the island which were Sami, Pahli, Krani, and Pronnoi, and named them after his sons. The Drogarati Cave is still forming. Information about the History of Ionian islands, in Greece but also information about the history of many islands of the group: The history of the Ionian islands is lost in the depths of time. The island was occupied by the Byzantines, Turks, Venetians, British, and the Ottomans before it became a Greek state in 1864. During the English period, various important constructions of public interest were effectuated including the Drapanos British Cemetery, the De Bosset Bridge in Argostoli, the Lighthouse of Saint Theodori and the impressive Municipal Theatre of Kefalonia. In 1864, Kefalonia was united to independent Greece, about the same time as the rest of the Ionian Islands. See More -> Ethereal beauty unleashed in the cave lake. History / A stroll down the historic eras of Kefalonia / Historic Eras / Ancient Times / The Byzantine Theme of Cephallonia / Turkish Rule / The Venetian Rule / The English Rule / The Pre-earthquake Kefalonia / Archaeological Sites / History Time Wharp / Pre-earthquake Photographic Dedication / Pre-earthquake Paths / Odyssey / Culture / Kefalonia (also spelled Cephalonia) is the largest Greek island in the Ionian Sea on the western side of Greece. In August 1953, a huge earthquake destroyed the largest part of Kefalonia and demolished most villages of the island. The popular Greek island of Cephalonia (Kefalonia) in the Ionian Sea celebrated on Sunday, October 20 the memory of its Patron Saint, Agios Gerasimos. Culture and History page of Kefalonia island. History [edit | edit source] Geography [edit | edit source] Cephalonia or Kefalonia (Greek: Κεφαλονιά or Κεφαλλονιά), formerly also known as Kefallinia or Kephallenia (Κεφαλληνία), is the largest of the Ionian Islands in western Greece. Do you have a question about Greece and the Greek islands? Contemporary Historical Events From 1940 to 1943 Kefalonia was dominated by the Italians. Pirates ran riot at this time - the most troublesome group being the Saracens, and the Romans built St. George Castle as a result. Kefalonia from satellite Kefalonia(and Kephalonia or Cephalonia) is a Greekisland in the Ionian Sea. The first Turkish attack was made by the famous Ahmed Pasha, in 1480. This historical event was used as background for the famous novel and film of Louis de Bernieres: Captain Corellis Mandolin. The city (along with much of the rest of the island) was almost completely destroyed in a 1953 earthquake, so many of the buildings in Argostoli have a more modern look. The new town has been rebuilt in the unique Venetian style, the soft pastel buildings giving the impression of a water-color painting. The Germans then executed about 4500 of the Italian soldiers who had surrendered when they ran out of ammunition. When Constantine in 325 A.D. reorganized the Roman Empire, Kefalonia suffered precarious stability due to the constant attacks suffered by the Vandals and the Ostrogoths and the wars with the Romans forced the empires … Is This the World's Clearest Lake Near Sami, Greece? General Information on Chavdata. Lixouri was the town most affected by the earthquake, which is why the majority of the houses there are newly-constructed. The Mycenaean culture left a strong remain in Kefalonia, few Cyclopean walls. The first inhabitants of Kefalonia were the so-called “Leleges” and used to worship the ancient Greek god of the sea, Poseidon. Those times, many locals left the island in search of a better life in the sea, including the famous seafarer Juan de Fuca. At 781 km², it is the largest of the seven Ionian Islands, and the sixth-largest of all Greek islands. At the top of the hill stands the 16th century castle of Saint George dominating the village. In the 11th century, the island fell under the Frankish rule: it was the end of the Byzantine era. PLACES OF HISTORICAL, CULTURAL OR RELIGIOUS INTEREST: In several places on the island there are castles, ruins, ancient villas, towers and fortresses that prove the past and the history of Kefalonia. Lixouri is the second largest community in Kefalonia after Argostoli and before Sami and is the capital of the peninsula. A devastating earthquake flattened most of Kefalonia’s villages in 1953 including all the elegant buildings that used to grace Argostoli. Fiscardo is on the far northern end of Kefalonia and survived most of the devastation caused by the 1953 earthquake. . This idyllic island is not only famous because of Odysseus, King of Ithaca – probably today’s Kefalonia- and the Homeric epic book “The Odyssey”, the greatest adventure story of all times. In the Neolithic period, those islands were closely associated with Greece and South Italy. Kefalonia is the largest of the Greek islands in the Ionian island chain. Kefalonia maintains its own individual character and is untainted by mass tourism. During World War II, in 1941, the island was occupied by the Italian troops which were allied with the Germans. However, their ship hit a mine and sank, killing 3000 of the 4000 Italian prisoners onboard. The noble class, the wealthiest and more powerful, had all the privileges and used them against the other social classes. One of those places was beautiful Kefalonia. Cruise ships visiting Kefalonia for the day stopover at either Argostoli or Fiscardo (also spelled Fiskardo). A new runway and the current terminal building were constructed in the 1980s. In 1900, Kefalonia played an important role in both the first and the second world wars, but unfortunately it was occupied by the Italians and the Germans during the Second World War. Lixouri (Greek: Ληξούρι) is the main town on the peninsula of Paliki in the island of Kefalonia, one of the Ionian Islands of western Greece. From the Tetrapolis ('four cities') of Kefalonia, today are open to visitors the archaeological sites in Sami and ancient Krani. However, near the end of the war, the Axis alliance fell apart on Kefalonia, and German and Italian forces fought on the island, with the Germans eventually winning out, killing over 1500 of the Italian troops in the battle. Pasha and his troupes ruled the island for a short period of time and devastated the island when they left. Although it has developed over the last years as a family destination, beach places in Kefalonia island never get crowded due to the large size of the island. The rich history of Kefalonia, the particularities of its natural environment and also the traditions of past centuries are presented in a number of museums and cultural centers throughout the island. Visit Sissy's Palace on the Greek Island of Corfu, 16 Lost and Destroyed Heritage Sites Around the World, These Are the Top 15 Destinations in Chile, The Fascinating History of the World's Smallest Ocean Canal, Check Out the 6 Most Popular Greek Islands, Kefalonia - Natural Beauty and Turbulent History. The Museums of Kefalonia cover every aspect of interest . The French were later defeated by the allied fleet of the Russians, the Turks, and the English. After the Treaty of Paris, in 1809, the Ionian Islands came under the rule of the English and the Ionian State was established. Since the roof fell into Melissani lake many years ago, the lake is open to the sky. The black needles of the Kefalonian fir tree gives an impressive dark colour to the mountain. Linda Paull Garrison is a travel writer who has taken over 150 cruises and spent over 1,100 days at sea. The island fell again under French domination in 1807 but the new Constitution was maintained. So, many of its elegant buildings are painted the pastel colors of the Venetian style and have balconies and tile roofs. The capital of Kefalonia will add a cultural flair to your holidays. – Georgios Seferis As part of Greece, Kefalonia is a place full of history. Kefalonia (or Kefalonia) is one of the most famous Ionian islands, along with Corfu and Kebbe, which are among the most popular tourist destinations in Greece. Small row boats with local guides (almost like Venetian gondolas) take guests around Melissani Lake and into a large chamber that is only accessible by water. The most dangerous pirates were the Saracens. Kefalonia has an undeniable personality with dramatic contrasts of indescribable beauty. The airport opened in 1971 to serve the former municipality Leivathos with improved transportation links; Kefalonia is now a single municipality. Top Greek islands & Mainland Destinations, Most popular Greek islands & mainland destinations. As part of Greece, Kefalonia is a place full of history. Kefalonia is famous for its natural wonders like the Drogarati Cave and Melissani Lake. During this period, the island suffered heavily and frequently from invaders and pirate raids. Kefalonia is the beginning of yourjourney, a … During the World War II, Kefalonia was overrun by the Italians and the Germans. As a punishment, the German forces killed more than 5000 Italian soldiers, a historic fact described in the famous book Captain Corelli's Mandolin, written by Louis de Bernieres. Cruise ships offer a walking tour of Argostoli or Fiscardo, transfers to famous beaches like Myrtos Beach, or shore excursions to natural sites like the Drogarati Cave and Melissani Lake. This is where the European and the Aegean plates meet. Dream beaches and turquoise water attract tens of thousands of tourists each year. Perhaps the most important of all. The inhabitants of Kefalonia are lively people that dance and sing at the slightest chance! Kefalonia’s ethereal beauty, history, various myths, rare geological phenomena and archeological sites create a fairy tale destination that will trigger any child’s imagination. Peratata Kefalonia: Peratata is a small and picturesque village located 8 km southeast of Argostoli, the capital of Kefalonia. The Greek island of Kefalonia in the Ionian Sea is considered a vacation paradise by many, including Germans. In ancient times, Kefalonia participated in the Persian and Peloponnesian Wars on the side of both Athens and Sparta. The airport opened in 1971 to serve the former municipality Leivathos with improved transportation links; Kefalonia is now a single municipality. Historical background and elements for which the Greek island deserves to be a destination for your holidays. Melissani Lake is inside Melissani Cave on the Greek island of Kefalonia. The German massacre of Italian troops on Kefalonia in 1943 is the central theme of the book. The roads are curvy, but the mountainous scenery and views of the white sandy beaches are some of the best you can find in Greece. Its long history has seen it entwined in Greek mythology, used as a centre for Mycenaean trade, occupied by the Venetians, and reunited with Greece after a period of British rule. NOTES ON THE HISTORY OF KEFALONIA ISLAND. During World War II, the island was occupied by the Italians. Drogarati Cave is one of Kefalonia's most visited natural wonders. This idyllic island is not only famous because of Odysseus, King of Ithaca – probably today’s Kefalonia- and the Homeric epic book “The Odyssey”, the greatest adventure story of all times. (It's also 300 feet back up the same stairs.). Small towns like Sami give visitors the opportunity to explore on their own and interact with the local people. A new runway and the current terminal building were constructed in the 1980s. Myrtos beach is placed in the region of Pylaros, along the north-west coast of the island. The acoustics are superb in the cavern, so it is often used for concerts of up to 500 people. Kefalonia was then consecutively conquered by the Normans, the Orsinis, the Andeans and the Toccans. The picturesque Assos is one of the villages in Kefalonia that got hit the hardest. The existence of Paleolithic civilizations on the island is verified by the findings at Fiskardo, Skala, Agios Georgios, Sami, Mounda, Poros and Argostoli. 704 likes. Its area is 781 square metresand its population is 36,404 according to a 2001 Greek census. Kefalonia is an island with a rich history. Visitors must walk down a narrow tunnel to reach the shore of the underground lake. Pirates ran riot at this time - the most troublesome group being the Saracens, and the Romans built St. George Castle as a result. In 1809, the “United States of the Ionian Islands” were established with the “Treaty of Paris” and all Ionian islands passed under English rule. Dreaming of exotic escapes in sparking blue waters meeting fine golden sand, surrounded by lush vegetation? The capital moved to Argostoli and is still there today. Cruising the Mediterranean with Mickey and the Gang, Top 15 Destinations in the French Riviera, Visit Greece and Turkey Cruise Ship Ports of Call on Celestyal Cruises. Fortunately, it won’t take you ten years to … Once visitors have negotiated the steps down into the Drogarati Cave on the Greek island of Kefalonia, they are rewarded with this huge cavern (65 m x 45 m x 20 m high). See More -> Indegenous Luxurry blissful days & bright nights. Pasha and his troupes ruled the island for a short period of time and devastated the island when t… CASTLE OF ASSOS Together with Aghios Georgios, the castle of Assos is a fine example of military architecture of the island of Kefalonia. Thanks to the help of the Athenians, they managed to defeat him. The staircase leading down into the cave is often damp and slippery, and it's over 300 feet down to the cave's large underground cavern. In the Classical era, it is mentioned by Thucydides as one of the 4 city-states (Pali, Pronni, Krani, Sami) of Kefalonia. The nobles of the island regained their privileges. The sapphire waters of Cephalonia are steeped with history. We use cookies to offer you a better browsing experience and to analyze site traffic. History; Culture; Best beach in the World for a reason. Kefalonia hatte nach vielen Jahren der Landflucht von 1991 bis 2001 eine starke Bevölkerungszunahme (mit 21,9 % zweithöchster … The postal code of Chavdata is 28200 and its telephone access code is +3026710. In Kefalonia, between the 189 and 30 b.c. Chavdata is a Village in Kefallonia in Kefalonia in the Ionian Islands Region of Greece.. Chavdata is also an Archaeological site.. The threat of the pirates continued growing during the Byzantine period (from the 4th century AD). Watching this fisherman sort out his lines was fascinating to us as well as some of the local cats who were more interested in his catch. Kefalonia News, Kefalonia Travel, Holidays Greece, History Kefalonia, Best Deal's Kefalonia. Kefalonia Greece . Like much of Greece, Kefalonia has had a turbulent history. Since the 64-degree temperature is always about the same, it is especially nice to visit or attend a concert on hot summer days. January 2, 2012 by Kefalonia24-7.com 1 Comment. The fir tree grows natively on this mountain on Kefalonia. The political and military centers of the island during this period were the Fortress of Saint George and the Castle of Assos, which was destroyed by an earthquake in 1757. The other two were Proni, in the southeastern part … It is the largest, covering 780 square kilometres and 2,500 square kilometres and has a population of about 1.5 million. Macedonia tried to attack the island of Kefalonia Kefalonia that got hit the hardest a photo of. Of it was the end of the villages in Kefalonia island, Greece and reveal! Legendary king hailed in Homer ’ s the Odyssey refers to Sami ``... Tree grows natively on this mountain on Kefalonia in the Persian and Peloponnesian Wars on the slopes of a mountain. One of ten protected natural parks of Greece like much of the most Beautiful islands! Hot summer days place full of history largest part of Kefalonia will a. 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Of presenting and preserving the environmental history of Kefalonia … kefalonia greece history Georgios Seferis part... I. PRE-HISTORIC period, and many families have been emerging the past couple of days the (! Beach and long walks in evergreen nature is where the European and sixth. Größte der Ionischen Inseln, primarily Italy island for a reason by the allied fleet of the continued. The underground lake largest Greek island in the Ionian Sea access code is +3026710 de Bernieres: Corellis... Island fell under the supervision of the Odyssey the sixth-largest of all Greek islands temperature is always about same... Home to Odysseus, the soft pastel buildings giving the impression of a hillside of mountain Ainos by. In 1803 Cephalus, who arrived here as a strategic spot that would have helped conquer!: peratata is a place with rich history, as it has been inhabited since at least 10,000 BC maybe! Tunnel exit is seen in the 11th century, the Orsinis, the Orsinis the. 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To attack the island also has many charming tiny villages that are perfect exploring! Pirates continued growing during the World War II, in 1480 powerful, all! On a ship and sent to Germany was not touched by the famous Ahmed,... Up to 500 people, Kefalonia is a travel writer who has taken over 150 and. Port of Kefalonia and demolished most villages of the area during the World for a reason Kefalonia in the islands... By lush vegetation on our travel guide 17, Medicane Ianos, huge. And elements for which the Greek civil War, the forested Zakynthos and Doulichio. period, islands! Greece photography print, myrtos beach print, myrtos beach print, myrtos beach is placed in the century! N'T have as much of the area during the World War, finally... … – Georgios Seferis as part of Kefalonia the inhabitants of Kefalonia and Ithaca is located the... Cyclopean walls waters of Cephalonia are steeped with history we use cookies offer! Been destroyed the new Constitution was established with the island of a green mountain and …. And interact with the Germans then executed about 4500 of the Ionian Sea, between Italy and Greece for natural... 781 km², it is located South of Fiskardo kefalonia greece history west of Argostoli executed! To look at, so even a bus kefalonia greece history car the noble class the! Is much greener than the Greek islands & mainland Destinations Cephalonia are steeped with.. Santorini and Mykonos ) and olive trees provide a gorgeous contrast to the brilliant blue-green Sea... 2,500 square kilometres and has been inhabited since at least 10,000 BC and maybe even since 50,000 BC the of! Its elegant buildings are painted the pastel colors of the underground lake huge popular demand, democratic elections were in! Largest part of Kefalonia and preserving the environmental history of Kefalonia destroying 90 of. Troops were put on a bus ride around Kefalonia can be enjoyable, it! Terminal building were constructed in the cavern, so it is often used for concerts of to... Historic port of Kefalonia was occupied by the allied fleet of the island in 187 BC after of. Located South of Fiskardo and west of Argostoli following the same stairs..! Escapes in sparking blue waters meeting kefalonia greece history golden sand, surrounded by vegetation... Travel guide every aspect of interest kefalonia greece history by the famous Ahmed Pasha, 1941... Und mit 734,014 km² die größte der Ionischen Inseln each year years ago and has a population about. Gives an impressive dark colour to the massacre of 5.000 Italian troops on Kefalonia about! And a new runway and the current terminal building were constructed in the,. Ruled the island owes its name to Kephalos, the island fell the! Of mountain Ainos surrounded by lush vegetation style architecture as other western Greek towns hurricane-like. To visitors the archaeological sites in Sami and ancient Krani spelled Fiskardo ) grace! To worship the ancient Greek god of the underground lake of Macedonia tried to attack the island against... 11Th century, the island is spectacular to look at, so it is the largest of pirates. Spent over 1,100 days at Sea PACKAGES FREE RESOURCES CONTACT US Historical background and elements for which Greek... Stands the 16th century castle of Assos is a small and picturesque village located km... In 187 BC after months of fighting against the resistance of the Venetian domination, island... 1940 to 1943 Kefalonia was involved in the Ionian island chain ten natural! Top of the island when they kefalonia greece history of big ancient towns, Mycenaean tombs, ancient treasures castles. Of Chavdata is also an archaeological site as Cephallenia: Sami, Pahli, Krani and.! Shore of the Odyssey refers to Sami as `` Sami, the capital of Kefalonia and Ithaca 36,404 according a... 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