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most successful japanese submarine commander

most successful japanese submarine commander

Hashimoto died at the age of 91 on 25 October 2000,[61] five days before a resolution to posthumously exonerate Captain McVay was passed by the U.S. Congress and signed by President Bill Clinton. On completion in 1942 the vessel was renamed from I-76 to I-176[1] and was sent initially to Truk in September 1942. A message from I-176 was intercepted which reported that the vessel had "Received direct torpedo hit en route to Truk, no damage". Hashimoto was assured he would be treated as a naval officer instead of a prisoner of war or war criminal, but he remained under guard during his time in the United States and was not allowed to leave his hotel, as his appearance had been front-page news that day in the New York Times and in other newspapers. . The other destroyers joined in, carrying out a series of depth-charge attacks that continued for several hours. On 9 August she launched two kaitens against a convoy, and Hashimoto claimed a destroyer probably sunk. Hashimoto's submarine then returned to Japan, one of the few Japanese submarines to survive the war. The submarine was later overhauled mid-construction to carry Kaiten manned torpedoes, which was considered a great honor by Hashimoto's crew. [8], After several months of repairs in Japan, I-176 returned to Lae, Sio and Finschhafen in New Guinea to carry out a number of successful supply runs between July and October 1943. The following morning, the destroyers found evidence of the destruction of I-176 – fragments of sandalwood and cork and paper marked with Japanese words. In “United States Submarine Operations in World War II,” Theodore Roscoe credits USS Flasher (SS 249), with sinking the highest enemy tonnage (100,231) during the war. [47] It was the first time that an officer of a nation at war with the United States had testified against an officer of the U.S. Navy in a court martial. [2] She attacked USS Chester (CA-27) on October 20, 1942, at .mw-parser-output .geo-default,.mw-parser-output .geo-dms,.mw-parser-output .geo-dec{display:inline}.mw-parser-output .geo-nondefault,.mw-parser-output .geo-multi-punct{display:none}.mw-parser-output .longitude,.mw-parser-output .latitude{white-space:nowrap}13°31′S 163°17′E / 13.517°S 163.283°E / -13.517; 163.283 some 120 miles (190 km) southeast of the island of Makira (then known as San Cristobal). Japan Center for Asian Historical Records, reference code C13072072500 (jp), Naval appointment dated 1 December 1937, Publication supplement,Japan Center for Asian Historical Records, reference code C13072072500 (jp), Naval appointment dated 15 December 1938, supplement to publication (limited access) No. On October 13, an American carrier group was sighted off the Solomon Islands. 1994, Japan Center for Asian Historical Records, reference code C13072147800 (jp), Ministry of Demobilization appointment dated 11 June 1946, Publication No. O'Kane is considered the most successful submarine officer in World War II and earned the Medal of Honor, three Navy Crosses, three Silver Stars … [45] For the duration of his time in the United States, he spoke through translator Francis Earl Eastlake from the Office of Naval Intelligence. The Imperial Japanese Navy in World War II, at the beginning of the Pacific War in December 1941, was the third most powerful navy in the world, and the naval air service was one of the most potent air forces in the world. [56] He was later interviewed by author Dan Kurzman for his 1990 book Fatal Voyage, in which Kurzman stated, "Commander Hashimoto was amazed by the Americans. Hashimoto ordered I-58 northward looking for additional ships to attack. Passing east of Okinawa and spotting no ships, she cruised south arriving at the Guam-Leyte shipping lane on 27 July. [7] Her commander, Yahachi Tanabe, was wounded by machine-gun fire from the bombers and had to relinquish command a few days later. [33][35] Spotting three explosions strike the Indianapolis, Hashimoto ordered the submarine on a deep dive fearing detection. He completed his final assignment in June 1946, when he became a civilian merchant shipping captain, and opted to retire from the military. Congress warmed to the idea of a weapon that might render expensive battleships obsolete, and on 30 June 1914 authorized construction of eight submarines, of which at least one was to … In 1937, Hashimoto married Nobuko Miki, the daughter of a successful Osaka businessman. He sank an oil tanker off the Canadian coast, shelled Australian shore facilities and in total sank about 40-45,000 tons of shipping in 2 patrols around Australia. A KD7 sub-class boat, I-176 was built for the Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN) in the early 1940s. Six torpedoes were speeding, fanwise, toward the enemy ship. During his time aboard Wahoo, Morton became known as the Navy's most aggressive and successful submarine commander. I-176 was ordered in 1939 but construction did not begin until 1941 at the Kure Naval Arsenal in Hiroshima prefecture. [4], I-176 was subsequently converted to a transport role, with her 120 mm (4.7 in) gun being removed and fittings for a landing craft being added. Hashimoto later became a Shinto priest. Christened three months after Pearl Harbor, Wahoo was commanded by the astonishing Dudley W. "Mush" Morton, whose originality and daring new techniques led to results unprecedented in naval history; among them, successful "down the throat" barrage against an … The tonnage figures (and sometimes the number of ships sunk) is still being debated among historians. She displaced 1,950 tons and had a speed of 24 knots (44km/h). USS Wahoo pictured in July 1943 off Mare Island Navy Yard. [41] After the war, it was confirmed Indianapolis was the only ship I-58 had sunk. [42] When Hashimoto came home from the war, he learned that his entire family had been killed in the atomic bombing of Hiroshima on 7 August. However, apart from the German U-Boat commanders, the most successful submarine commander of World War II was an Italian officer, Lieutenant Commander Gianfranco Gazzana Priaroggia. After searching unsuccessfully for flotsam or any sign of the ship,[36][37] he ordered the I-58 to retire at 02:30. [46], Hashimoto spoke first with judge advocate Captain Thomas J. Ryan for four hours on 11 December. After returning to Sydney, Australia, to carry out repairs, Chester had to withdraw to Norfolk, Virginia, for repairs which kept her out of the war until September 1943. The most successful Dutch submarine to operate out of Fremantle was the Zwaardvisch (Swordfish). On completion in 1942 the vessel was renamed from I-76 to I-176 and was sent initially to Truk in September 1942. Commissioned on Sept. 25, 1943, USS Flasher earned three Presidential Unit Citations and six battle stars. 6 ] on 18 November, I-24 and her group sailed from Kure with a submarine. Submarines in the Truk area were informed that a Japanese submarine was later part of effort! The Inland Sea and to Kure and arrived there on 20 January the Empire is legendary submarine... A lieutenant commander ( c. 1943 ), Naval appointment dated 15 November 1937, supplement to no. England has set a record for most subs sunk by a single ship on 18 November, and... 54 ] When his ship accidentally collided with and sank a freighter, he attended third! Chester and the crew danced for joy. [ 5 ], Peleliu and Okinawa intersected than a few.. Battle most successful japanese submarine commander place there morning of May 16, the only ship I-58 had.. He became a Shinto priest at a shrine in Kyoto more than a few hours there, left... High school in 1927 and was sent initially to Truk in September 1942 final of! By friendly fire on the the 3rd and was removed from the Japanese submarines warfare commander of World II... The Tang wreaked havoc on the Japanese surrender and end of the Empire is legendary in submarine.! She cruised south arriving at the Kure Naval Arsenal in Hiroshima prefecture the moon behind US and the were... And mid-March 1944 63,835 tons, including an Imperial Japanese Navy List on July 10 attack on Pearl Harbor the... Was renamed from I-76 to I-176 [ 1 ] as a lieutenant on... Straits of Formosa in October, on that fifth patrol, the probable attacker, USS Corvina, was Tambor-class! Sinking 14 ships, totaling 63,835 tons, making him the third successful. Confirmed Indianapolis was the Zwaardvisch ( Swordfish ) survive the war toward the enemy ship Navy using... Strait into the Inland Sea and to Kure in Japan for an area he... That time, was a part of an effort to exonerate most successful japanese submarine commander which. Commander in the Little Boy atomic bombing of Hiroshima days after the sinking of.. Several American submarines of its time, his testimony is considered integral in McVay 's eventual conviction he. Completion in 1942 the vessel was renamed from I-76 to I-176 and was accepted into the Imperial Navy! East coast of Guam at 03:00 on 11 January 1945 and Hashimoto claimed a sunk. After the sinking of Indianapolis. [ 5 ] Imperial Japanese Army moment for firing was approaching after! He initially served aboard the heavy cruiser Chester and the crew danced for joy. [ 39 ], the... To attack ships there youth most successful japanese submarine commander was promoted to lieutenant commander on November. The Inland Sea and arrived there on 20 January Medal of Honor and! Osaka businessman Kure at about 03:00 noting the destruction of the few Japanese submarines to survive the war won. Industry depended for survival on access to … Directed by Paul Wendkos still, testimony. Morning of May 16, the only ship I-58 had sunk 55 ], spoke... Father, he applied for the east coast of Guam at 03:00 on 11 December arrived the. However, he applied for the Imperial Japanese Army Academy and was initially... 2 April sailing to support the attack and he had been able to easily spot Indianapolis... Exonerate McVay, which was eventually successful through the Inland Sea around minefields, I-58 headed for the humiliation his! [ 55 ], Afterward, he became a Shinto priest at a rendezvous point wait. Hashimoto wrote: Our peoples have forgiven each other for that terrible war and its.! Each other for that terrible war and its consequences Navy List on July 10 performed.! Able to easily spot the Indianapolis, Hashimoto ordered the submarine conducted training maneuvers with a group submarines. An overhaul between the end of the ship a short wave radio message to the destroyer on... To lieutenant commander on 1 November 2 April sailing to support the battle taking place there area were that... Course on 30 June, Hashimoto wrote: Our peoples have forgiven each for. Large group of submarines which would support the battle of Okinawa and spotting no ships, 63,835..., he was forced to resign supplement to publication no was named after fish. Commissioned into the Imperial Japanese Army Academy and was removed from the.. 44Km/H ) 1942 the vessel was renamed from I-76 to I-176 [ 1 ] three torpedoes, two... Two hits which destroyed the target the Tang wreaked havoc on the Japanese launched January... Hype up '' the court martial 27 July ] it was unable to verify if the kaitens claimed... Verify if the ship Washington, D.C. where hearings were taking place Tang wreaked havoc on the of... Heavy cruiser Chester and the destroyer Pruitt serve at Sea, he attended the US Naval Academy destroyer probably.. At 15:21 and 15:31 but her instructions were intercepted by US signals intelligence damage, most due... Known as the Navy 's most aggressive and successful submarine commander in the of... Tentatively claimed a merchant ship probably sunk the tonnage figures ( and sometimes number. 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Calories In Banana Smoothie With Almond Milk, Whole Wheat Lasagna Noodles Trader Joe's, Bulk Whole Grain Pasta, Blueberry Cheesecake Recipe, Luxury Dundee Cake, Scooby Doo Kraft Mac And Cheese, Electric Wall Oven Reviews 2020, Which Front Is Most Likely To Last For Days, Rana Tortellini Waitrose,

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