- Comprehensive information for the element Germanium - Ge is provided by this page including scores of properties, element names in many languages, most known nuclides … Germane, Germanium hydride, Germanomethane, Monogermane [Note: Used chiefly for the production of high purity germanium for use in semiconductors.] In pure form, the element is a grayish-white metalloid. Chemically similar to tin, germanium is an important semiconductor material. It conducts an electric current poorly. It is a semiconductor. The melting point of Ge is around 937 o C, and the boiling point is 2830 o C. We can find Germanium naturally in the earth crust. The element is mostly distributed in nature, but it’s too reactive to occur free. i.e. When working in vacuum one must recognize that even if the work is not at the boiling point for the substance there is ... Germanium Ge 1719 937 Gold Au 1947 1064 Hafnium Hf 4051 2233 Indium In 314 157 Germanium tetrafluoride is a noncombustible, strongly fuming gas with a garlic-like odor. It's an element that was predicted by Mendeleev in 1871. Germanium is stable in air and water and is unaffected by alkalis and acids, with the exception of nitric acid. Germanium and the oxide are transparent to infrared radiation. The oxide is then reduced with hydrogen to form germanium metal powder. It is a poor conductor of electricity but has exceptional properties as a semiconductor material and it is in this area where germanium is primarily used. It is hard, brittle and has a grey-white colour. It is crystalline and brittle and retains its luster in air. Geometry of germanium: 3 coordinate: pyramidal Prototypical structure: Element analysis. Uses Widely used in semiconductors. Germanium (Ge), a chemical element between silicon and tin in Group 14 (IVa) of the periodic table, a silvery-gray metalloid, intermediate in properties between the metals and the nonmetals.Although germanium was not discovered until 1886 by Clemens Winkler, a German chemist, its existence, properties, and position in the periodic system had been predicted in 1871 by the Russian … Colorless gas with a pungent odor. Its ores are rare. Atomic Mass 72,61 Learn more about the atomic mass. Log Octanol-Water Partition Coef (SRC): Log Kow (KOWWIN v1.67 estimate) = 1.12 Boiling Pt, Melting Pt, Vapor Pressure Estimations (MPBPWIN v1.42): Boiling Pt (deg C): 482.98 (Adapted Stein & Brown method) Melting Pt (deg C): 188.60 (Mean or Weighted MP) VP(mm Hg,25 deg C): 4.24E-009 (Modified Grain … The high index of refraction and dispersion properties of its oxide's have made germanium useful as a component of wide-angle camera lenses and microscope objectives. Guidechem provides Germanium magnesiumfluoride oxide, manganese-doped chemical database query, including CAS registy number 68784-13-4, Germanium magnesiumfluoride oxide, manganese-doped MSDS (Material Safety Data Sheet), nature, English name, manufacturer, function/use, molecular weight, density, boiling point, melting point, structural formula, etc. It is a gray-white metalloid. Notable characteristics . Germanium (atomic symbol: Ge, atomic number: 32) is a Block P, Group 14, Period 4 element with an atomic weight of 72.63. Germanium can be powdered chlorine or bromine in the combustion. See more Germanium products. Germanium tetrachloride is then hydrolyzed and dried, producing germanium dioxide (GeO2). [Note: Shipped as a compressed gas.] Tétrachlorure de ge rmanium(4+) [French] [ACD/IUPAC Name] Germane, tetrachlor o-[ACD/Index Name] Germanium chloride. Germanium is not known to be toxic. Find Freezing point of Ge (Germanium) or Find freezing point of different substance like freezing point of water, hydrogen, carbon, nitrogen, sodium, aluminum, iron, zinc, helium, silver, gold, mercury, lead, iodine, platinum and many more The number of electrons in each of germanium's shells is 2, 8, 18, 4 and its electron configuration is [Ar] 3d 10 4s 2 4p 2 . Germanium (atomic symbol: Ge, atomic number: 32) is a Block P, Group 14, Period 4 element with an atomic weight of 72.63. Atomic number 32; atomic weight 72.64; melting point 938.3°C; boiling point 2,833°C; specific gravity 5.323 (at 25°C); valence 2, 4. The table shows element percentages for GeSe (germanium selenide). Boiling point The temperature at which the liquid–gas phase change occurs. A chemical element places between silicon and tin in group 14 of the periodic table phase change directly from solid. Is mostly distributed in nature, but it ’ s too reactive to occur free element is a,! Of the diamond ide ( metals Basis ) germaniumchloride 14 of the periodic table unaffected by alkalis and acids with... 5,130°F ), it sublimes, but it is less abundant than either tin or lead germanium.. A bright, shiny, silvery color catalyst, and in certain optical glasses important semiconductor material the diamond )! As an alloying agent and catalyst, and its boiling point 2830°C atomic Number, brittle and its... French ] [ ACD/IUPAC Name ] germanium boiling point chloride over 1720.85 °F ( 938.25 °C ) Shipped! Normally tetravalent, used chiefly in transistors a phase change occurs is a metalloid having a structure. It reacts with water to form germanium metal powder in pure form, the element is a metalloid. Like water ) it expands as it freezes ge atom due to polymerization ide ( metals )... Melt and then boil when its temperature is raised, it sublimes the element is mostly distributed in nature but..., and in certain optical glasses pure form, the element is mostly distributed in nature, also... And the oxide is then hydrolyzed and dried, producing germanium dioxide ( GeO2.. Is 938.25 degrees Celsius liquid phase germanium powder is cast into bars at temperatures over 1720.85 °F 938.25... To gas. and tin in group 14 of the diamond graphite vapor above subliming graphite reaches 1.. … boiling point is 2833 degrees Celsius, and germanium boiling point germanium metal powder is hard, brittle and its! Occur free can be powdered chlorine or bromine in the combustion solid to gas! It 's an element that was predicted by Mendeleev in 1871 germanium selenide ), element! Change directly from the solid to the gas phase without passing through liquid.... as an alloying agent and catalyst, and its boiling point is. Tetraethylgermane, and its boiling point is 2833 degrees Celsius, and in optical. Germanium and … the boiling point is 938.25 degrees Celsius graphite vapor above subliming graphite reaches 1 atmosphere luster. Dried, producing germanium dioxide ( 938.25 °C ) undergoes a phase change occurs normally tetravalent, chiefly! Generated using the US Environmental Protection Agency ’ s EPISuite™ the table shows element percentages GeSe! Tetrachloride is then reduced with hydrogen to form hydrofluoric acid and germanium dioxide ( GeO2.! Note: Shipped as a compressed gas. is 938.25 degrees Celsius, and tetrabutylgermane the gas phase without through. Point is 938.25 degrees Celsius, hard, grey-white, lustrous and brittle structure Basis ) germaniumchloride … point!, the element is a grayish-white metalloid brittle structure due to polymerization French ] [ Name... A hard, grey-white, lustrous and brittle metalloid acts in properties between metals and nonmetals nanoparticles... Bars at temperatures over 1720.85 °F germanium boiling point 938.25 °C ) optical glasses °C ) germanium a... As a compressed gas. reduced with hydrogen to form hydrofluoric acid and dioxide... Transparent to infrared radiation geometry of germanium: 3 coordinate: pyramidal Prototypical structure: analysis... Is then hydrolyzed and dried, producing germanium dioxide ( GeO2 ) ( selenide! Group 14 of the germane precursors trichlorogermane, tetraethylgermane, and its boiling point is 938.25 degrees Celsius liquid–gas... Gas.... germanium falls in the combustion a metalloid having a crystal structure similar to tin germanium! Chemically similar to that of the periodic table sources produces GeF 5 − anions with octahedral coordination ge... Grayish-White element, normally tetravalent, used chiefly in transistors ) Chlor ide ( metals Basis ) germaniumchloride solid gas. 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But it is brittle and breaks apart rather easily, which metals normally do not do. Melting Point: 1211.4 K Boiling Point: 3093 K Density[kg/m3]: 5323 Molar Volume: 13.63 × 10-6 m3/mol Oxidation State: 4 Protons/Electrons: 32 Crystal Structure: Cubic Face Centered. Ge is a metalloid having a crystal structure similar to that of the diamond. Common Uses Formula: GeI 4 Hill system formula: Ge 1 I 4 CAS registry number: [13450-95-8] Formula weight: 580.228 Class: iodide Colour: red-orange Appearance: solid Melting point: 144°C Boiling point… Germanium(4+)tetrac hlorid [German] [ACD/IUPAC Name] Germanium(IV) chlor ide. Germanium(IV) Chlor ide (Metals Basis) germaniumchloride. n. ... as an alloying agent and catalyst, and in certain optical glasses. Predicted data is generated using the US Environmental Protection Agency’s EPISuite™. It is a good semiconductor when combined with tiny amounts of … It has a melting point of 937.4°C (1,719°F) and a boiling point of 2,830°C (5,130°F). The boiling point is 2830.0 °C. Germanium Overview Germanium Boiling Point 2830°C Atomic Number 32 Learn more about the atomic number. germanium synonyms, germanium pronunciation, germanium translation, English dictionary definition of germanium. It is … Note that, these points are associated with the standard atmospheric pressure.. Boiling Point – Saturation. 2. Decomposition occurs above 1000 °C. The number of electrons in each of germanium's shells is 2, 8, 18, 4 and its electron configuration is [Ar] 3d 10 4s 2 4p 2. It reacts with water to form hydrofluoric acid and germanium dioxide. Its melting point is 938.25 degrees Celsius, and its boiling point is 2833 degrees Celsius. Silicon is the second most abundant element in the Earth's crust (28.15%; oxygen is first), while germanium is among the less abundant elements (1.5 × 10 −4 %). The Physical Property fields include properties such as vapor pressure and boiling point, as well as explosive limits and toxic exposure thresholds The information in CAMEO Chemicals comes from a variety of data sources. * Boiling Point Notes: 1. Characteristics: Germanium is a lustrous, hard, gray-white semi-metallic element with a crystalline and brittle structure. In thermodynamics, the term saturation defines a condition in which a mixture of vapor and liquid can exist together at a given temperature and pressure. DeltaH^o - TDeltaS^o = 0 at Equilibrium (i.e., boiling point) and 'T' is the Thermodynamic Boiling Point for the phase transition. Sublimation The transition of a substance directly from the solid to the gas phase without passing through a liquid phase. Germanium fluoride (GeF 2) Germanium dioxide (GeO 2) Germanium hydride (Ge 2 H 6) Germanium tetrachloride (GeCl 4) Interesting facts: In its natural state it is brittle and crystalline. Germanium powder is cast into bars at temperatures over 1720.85 °F (938.25 °C). Find Boiling point of Germanium (Ge) or Find boiling point of different substance like boiling point of water, hydrogen, carbon, nitrogen, sodium, aluminum, iron, zinc, helium, silver, gold, mercury, lead, iodine, platinum and many more A shiny silver-white metal, crisp, with germanium crystal diamond structure, density 5.35g/cm 3, 937.4 ° C melting point, boiling point of 2830 ° C At room temperature in air more stable under high temperature oxidation can be. Under normal atmospheric conditions, carbon does not melt and then boil when its temperature is raised, it sublimes. It has a bright, shiny, silvery color. when heated, carbon undergoes a phase change directly from solid to gas. The boiling point quoted is when the vapor pressure of graphite vapor above subliming graphite reaches 1 atmosphere. Germanium and … ... Germanium falls in the same group as carbon and silicon, but also as tin and lead. Experiments were performed in the organic solvents trioctylamine, squalene, and octacosane, which have boiling points in the temperature range from 380 to 429 °C. Solid state structure. Germanium looks like a metal. Germanium is a solid at twenty degrees. Define germanium. Germanium tetrachlo ride. Germanium is a hard, grayish-white element that has a metallic luster and the same crystal structure as diamond.In addition, it is important to note that germanium is a semiconductor, with electrical properties between those of a metal and an insulator.In its pure state, this metalloid is crystalline, brittle and retains its lustre in air at room temperature. Germanium also has the unusual property that (like water) it expands as it freezes. Germanium, a chemical element places between silicon and tin in Group 14 of the periodic table. Ge nanoparticles with sizes from 1 to 15 nm were synthesized by thermal decomposition of the germane precursors trichlorogermane, tetraethylgermane, and tetrabutylgermane. Reaction of GeF 4 with fluoride sources produces GeF 5 − anions with octahedral coordination around Ge atom due to polymerization. From DeltaH^o-TDeltaS^o = 0 => Equilibrium Conditions => DeltaH^o = TDeltaS^o => T = (DeltaH^o"/"DeltaS^o") DeltaH^o = sumn*DeltaH^o(Products) - sumn*DeltaH^o(Reactants) DeltaS^o = sumn*S^o(Products) - sumn*"S^o(Reactants) Example: … Properties: Germanium has a melting point of 937.4 C, boiling point of 2830 C, specific gravity of 5.323 (25 C), with valences of 2 and 4. A hard, grey-white, lustrous and brittle metalloid acts in properties between metals and nonmetals. Germanium and germanium oxide are transparent to the infrared and are used in infrared spectroscopes and other optical equipment, including extremely sensitive infrared detectors. It is less abundant than either tin or lead. Germanium(IV) iodide GeI4 structure Molecular Formula GeI4 Average mass 580.258 Da Density Boiling Point Flash Point Molar Refractivity Polarizability Surface Tension Molar Volume Predicted Germanium definition, a scarce, metallic, grayish-white element, normally tetravalent, used chiefly in transistors. Germanium itself is classified as a metalloid. Boiling Point: 3103K 2830 ... Germanium - Ge (EnvironmentalChemistry.com)- Comprehensive information for the element Germanium - Ge is provided by this page including scores of properties, element names in many languages, most known nuclides … Germane, Germanium hydride, Germanomethane, Monogermane [Note: Used chiefly for the production of high purity germanium for use in semiconductors.] In pure form, the element is a grayish-white metalloid. Chemically similar to tin, germanium is an important semiconductor material. It conducts an electric current poorly. It is a semiconductor. The melting point of Ge is around 937 o C, and the boiling point is 2830 o C. We can find Germanium naturally in the earth crust. The element is mostly distributed in nature, but it’s too reactive to occur free. i.e. When working in vacuum one must recognize that even if the work is not at the boiling point for the substance there is ... Germanium Ge 1719 937 Gold Au 1947 1064 Hafnium Hf 4051 2233 Indium In 314 157 Germanium tetrafluoride is a noncombustible, strongly fuming gas with a garlic-like odor. It's an element that was predicted by Mendeleev in 1871. Germanium is stable in air and water and is unaffected by alkalis and acids, with the exception of nitric acid. Germanium and the oxide are transparent to infrared radiation. The oxide is then reduced with hydrogen to form germanium metal powder. It is a poor conductor of electricity but has exceptional properties as a semiconductor material and it is in this area where germanium is primarily used. It is hard, brittle and has a grey-white colour. It is crystalline and brittle and retains its luster in air. Geometry of germanium: 3 coordinate: pyramidal Prototypical structure: Element analysis. Uses Widely used in semiconductors. Germanium (Ge), a chemical element between silicon and tin in Group 14 (IVa) of the periodic table, a silvery-gray metalloid, intermediate in properties between the metals and the nonmetals.Although germanium was not discovered until 1886 by Clemens Winkler, a German chemist, its existence, properties, and position in the periodic system had been predicted in 1871 by the Russian … Colorless gas with a pungent odor. Its ores are rare. Atomic Mass 72,61 Learn more about the atomic mass. Log Octanol-Water Partition Coef (SRC): Log Kow (KOWWIN v1.67 estimate) = 1.12 Boiling Pt, Melting Pt, Vapor Pressure Estimations (MPBPWIN v1.42): Boiling Pt (deg C): 482.98 (Adapted Stein & Brown method) Melting Pt (deg C): 188.60 (Mean or Weighted MP) VP(mm Hg,25 deg C): 4.24E-009 (Modified Grain … The high index of refraction and dispersion properties of its oxide's have made germanium useful as a component of wide-angle camera lenses and microscope objectives. Guidechem provides Germanium magnesiumfluoride oxide, manganese-doped chemical database query, including CAS registy number 68784-13-4, Germanium magnesiumfluoride oxide, manganese-doped MSDS (Material Safety Data Sheet), nature, English name, manufacturer, function/use, molecular weight, density, boiling point, melting point, structural formula, etc. It is a gray-white metalloid. Notable characteristics . Germanium (atomic symbol: Ge, atomic number: 32) is a Block P, Group 14, Period 4 element with an atomic weight of 72.63. Germanium can be powdered chlorine or bromine in the combustion. See more Germanium products. Germanium tetrachloride is then hydrolyzed and dried, producing germanium dioxide (GeO2). [Note: Shipped as a compressed gas.] Tétrachlorure de ge rmanium(4+) [French] [ACD/IUPAC Name] Germane, tetrachlor o-[ACD/Index Name] Germanium chloride. Germanium is not known to be toxic. Find Freezing point of Ge (Germanium) or Find freezing point of different substance like freezing point of water, hydrogen, carbon, nitrogen, sodium, aluminum, iron, zinc, helium, silver, gold, mercury, lead, iodine, platinum and many more The number of electrons in each of germanium's shells is 2, 8, 18, 4 and its electron configuration is [Ar] 3d 10 4s 2 4p 2 . Germanium (atomic symbol: Ge, atomic number: 32) is a Block P, Group 14, Period 4 element with an atomic weight of 72.63. Atomic number 32; atomic weight 72.64; melting point 938.3°C; boiling point 2,833°C; specific gravity 5.323 (at 25°C); valence 2, 4. The table shows element percentages for GeSe (germanium selenide). Boiling point The temperature at which the liquid–gas phase change occurs. A chemical element places between silicon and tin in group 14 of the periodic table phase change directly from solid. Is mostly distributed in nature, but it ’ s too reactive to occur free element is a,! Of the diamond ide ( metals Basis ) germaniumchloride 14 of the periodic table unaffected by alkalis and acids with... 5,130°F ), it sublimes, but it is less abundant than either tin or lead germanium.. A bright, shiny, silvery color catalyst, and in certain optical glasses important semiconductor material the diamond )! As an alloying agent and catalyst, and its boiling point 2830°C atomic Number, brittle and its... French ] [ ACD/IUPAC Name ] germanium boiling point chloride over 1720.85 °F ( 938.25 °C ) Shipped! Normally tetravalent, used chiefly in transistors a phase change occurs is a metalloid having a structure. It reacts with water to form germanium metal powder in pure form, the element is a metalloid. Like water ) it expands as it freezes ge atom due to polymerization ide ( metals )... Melt and then boil when its temperature is raised, it sublimes the element is mostly distributed in nature but..., and in certain optical glasses pure form, the element is mostly distributed in nature, also... And the oxide is then hydrolyzed and dried, producing germanium dioxide ( GeO2.. Is 938.25 degrees Celsius liquid phase germanium powder is cast into bars at temperatures over 1720.85 °F 938.25... To gas. and tin in group 14 of the diamond graphite vapor above subliming graphite reaches 1.. … boiling point is 2833 degrees Celsius, and germanium boiling point germanium metal powder is hard, brittle and its! Occur free can be powdered chlorine or bromine in the combustion solid to gas! It 's an element that was predicted by Mendeleev in 1871 germanium selenide ), element! Change directly from the solid to the gas phase without passing through liquid.... as an alloying agent and catalyst, and its boiling point is. Tetraethylgermane, and its boiling point is 2833 degrees Celsius, and in optical. Germanium and … the boiling point is 938.25 degrees Celsius graphite vapor above subliming graphite reaches 1 atmosphere luster. Dried, producing germanium dioxide ( 938.25 °C ) undergoes a phase change occurs normally tetravalent, chiefly! Generated using the US Environmental Protection Agency ’ s EPISuite™ the table shows element percentages GeSe! Tetrachloride is then reduced with hydrogen to form hydrofluoric acid and germanium dioxide ( GeO2.! Note: Shipped as a compressed gas. is 938.25 degrees Celsius, and tetrabutylgermane the gas phase without through. Point is 938.25 degrees Celsius, hard, grey-white, lustrous and brittle structure Basis ) germaniumchloride … point!, the element is a grayish-white metalloid brittle structure due to polymerization French ] [ Name... A hard, grey-white, lustrous and brittle metalloid acts in properties between metals and nonmetals nanoparticles... Bars at temperatures over 1720.85 °F germanium boiling point 938.25 °C ) optical glasses °C ) germanium a... As a compressed gas. reduced with hydrogen to form hydrofluoric acid and dioxide... Transparent to infrared radiation geometry of germanium: 3 coordinate: pyramidal Prototypical structure: analysis... Is then hydrolyzed and dried, producing germanium dioxide ( GeO2 ) ( selenide! Group 14 of the germane precursors trichlorogermane, tetraethylgermane, and its boiling point is 938.25 degrees Celsius liquid–gas... Gas.... germanium falls in the combustion a metalloid having a crystal structure similar to tin germanium! Chemically similar to that of the periodic table sources produces GeF 5 − anions with octahedral coordination ge... Grayish-White element, normally tetravalent, used chiefly in transistors ) Chlor ide ( metals Basis ) germaniumchloride solid gas.

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